Russia is a huge country with rich cultural and historical heritage. Because of its size planning a trip to Russia is very difficult. Also the country has a distinctive culture and rich history which makes a long list of places to visit in Russia. If you want to see the most famous historical places of the country then you should divide your journey between St. Petersburg and Moscow. Both these cities have lots of historical monuments. Cheap flights to Russia are also available so people with low budget can also explore the country. The country is a great place for history lovers as there are many historical sites to be visited. Some of the few very interesting and famous historical monuments are compiled in this article below.
Historical Sights of Russia
Red Square and St. Basil’s Cathedral
Located in the center of Saint Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow, this is Russia’s top historical sight. The Red Square situated at the edge of the cathedral is also a major sight in itself. The architecture of the cathedral is a key example of Russian onion dome-topped towers. The cathedral was designed in the middle of the 16th century and has more than nine chapels.
The Kremlin is an example of modern Russian history, which is also situated on the Red Square. It is a complex of cathedrals which date back to the 15th century; it serves as the seat to many Soviet leaders and modern presidents. The Kremlin has historical importance and also offers a great example of local architectural styles. A site like these is increasing the Russia tourism and many tourists from many different countries come to visit the country.
State Hermitage Museum
St. Petersburg’s Hermitage Museum deserves a visit when you are visiting Russia as the museum does not only have a display of historical artworks but the building itself is also worth seeing even if there is nothing on display. The vast collection of the museum includes Impressionist works and Egyptian artifacts.
Izborsk Fortress is settled in western Russia and its history dates back to the 7th century. It is an old medieval castle which was set up by the Slavic Krivich tribe. The first wooden version of the fortress was made In the 10th century and its stone incarnation was built in the 11th century. This current structure of the Izborsk Fortress was built mostly in the 1400s, also at that time the fortress was relocated to a new site which was some hundred meters away from the previous site. The fortress was abandoned in the 16th century but now it has been restored by the Global Heritage Fund.
Church of the Ascension
The Church of the Ascension was built in the sixteenth century in Kolomenskoye. Prince Vasili III built this church to commemorate the birth of the successor to the Russian throne. The church is located in Kolomenskoye which is a former royal estate of Moscow. The building of Church of the Ascension is made up with white stone and its tent roofs set it apart from other churches. In 1994 the church was listed in the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage sites.
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