The name Valletta has its beginnings in heroism; it was named after Jean Parisot de la Valette, a knight of noble descent who successfully defended the city from the Ottoman invasion in 1565. The actual official name given at the time by the Order of Saint John was Humilissa Civitas Valletta – The Most Humble City of Valletta. The archipelago of Malta is composed of 8 islands, four of which are inhabited. Gozo Island is the second largest island after Malta.
Valletta is most undeniably a unique city; it gives the impression of houses built inside rocks, partly because the colors are the same as the rocky foundation of the capital. In reality, the city itself is sparsely populated, with only six thousand inhabitants. It’s the surrounding urban zone that creates its size, totaling about four hundred thousand people.